What Is Anesthesia?
Anesthesia is a treatment that involves using medicine to prevent pain during a medical procedure. It is used for many types of procedures from small ones, like dental work, to major ones, like open heart surgery.
There are three types of anesthesia:
Local anesthesia is used for minor procedures. Usually a drug is injected to numb a small part of your body
Regional anesthesia involves injecting a drug near a cluster of nerves to numb a larger area of your body. The two most common forms are epidural anesthesia, often used during labor and childbirth, and spinal anesthesia. Regional anesthesia may be all that’s necessary to block pain, but depending on the procedure, you may also be sedated to make you more comfortable or relieve anxiety.
General anesthesia makes you completely unconscious and unable to feel pain or any other sensations. You may receive anesthetic drugs through an IV or inhale them through a breathing mask.
Your type and amount of anesthesia will be tailored to you based on personal factors, including your age, weight, and medical condition, in addition to the type of procedure you are having.
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